Joygopalpur Gram Vikash Kendra

Sustainable Water Resource Management

Groundwater depletion

Groundwater depletion and lack of potable water during dry season in spite of nearly 2000 mm rainfall/year.


A. Wastage of Groundwater while collecting

B. Wastage of Groundwater by way of bathing and washing cloth

Probable solution:

i. Awareness generation among community

• To stop collecting water in bottle

• To use funnel device to properly channel water flow and minimize wastage

ii. Advocacy with Gram Panchayat for taking step to minimize irrigation with Groundwater

Measures taken:

• Awareness generation with community members and school students

• Formation of Water Users’ group to ensure community ownership over Groundwater resource

• GP as well as Block level advocacy meetings/workshops to take step for minimizing wastage of water

• Attending and raising issues on 4th Saturday meetings at GPs/through Gram Sansad/Gram Sabha meetings

• Application/advocacy with GP by CBOs, Village Committees, Project team

C. Wastage of Groundwater owing to excessive extraction for irrigation

Probable solution: Awareness generation of community for

• Shifting to more profitable and water efficient crops

• Irrigation with surface water

Measures taken:

• Meeting with farmers

• Advocacy with GP and Block for taking steps to encourage farmers for switching to changed cropping pattern and or stopping irrigation with Groundwater

Rain water Management


A. Lack of wadequate water bodies to store rainwater

B. The area is not within the recharge zone

Probable solution:

• Excavation of new ponds &/or renovation of old ones for collecting as much rain water as possible

• To stop filling up water bodies through awareness generation

• Promoting rainwater harvesting practice at family level

Measures taken:

• Awareness generation and capacity building of community for promoting rain water harvesting at family level

• Installation of rain water harvesting system in 4 schools in model villages

• Advocacy with GP

Arsenic Measurement


A. Arsenic contamination in groundwater in Gaighata Block leading to Arsenicosis among users

Probable solution:

• To use water from Arsenic free tube wells or tube wells having Arsenic within the threshold limit

• Awareness generation among community for getting the tube wells tested for determining the level of Arsenic and stop using the same if Arsenic is above the threshold limit

Measures taken:

• Tube wells are tested for determining the level of Arsenic and painting the safe ones with green and the risky ones with red’ (Actually, the ‘andf’ should be ‘and’).

• Advocacy with Gram Panchayat for steps towards awareness generation on Arsenic and

• Promoting low cost Arsenic filter



A. Absence of safe sanitary practice among many of the community members owing to lack of Knowledge Attitude and Practice leading to water borne doiseases through fece-oral route

Probable solution:

• Installation of toilets (at least in model village)

• Bringing about proper behavioral change like defecation at toilets only, using slippers while going to toilet, properly washing hands after defecation, etc, through awareness generation meetings with proper IECs like ‘F’ diagram etc.

• Promoting the practice of collecting water from safe source in safe pot

• Promoting the practice safe storage and safe handling among the rural community in Project area

Measures taken:

• Installation of toilet in BPL families residing in the model village area

• Meeting and follow up monitoring with beneficiaries and larger target community to instill positive practice

• Testing tube wells in Gaighata for ensuring that tube well is Arsenic free/within rthreshold level hence the source is safe for collecting drinking water

• Installation of new tube wells in &

• Repairing dysfunctional ones